This post is about some Git commands that I have learnt over time. I’ll add more as I learn more. 🙂
To create a new git repository.
git add <your-file-name>
To add your-file to the repository, better say adding the file to the index. Sometimes also used when merging creates some conflicts.
git add .
It looks at the working tree and adds all those to the staged changes if they are either changed or are new and not ignored. It does not stange any remove actions.
git add -u
It looks at all the currently tracked files and stages the changes to those files if they are different or if they have been removed. It does not add any new files, it only stages changes to already tracked files.
git add -A
To add all the changed files in your current git repo. It does both
git add .
git add -u
git commit -m <‘your-commit-message’>
This commits <your-file> to HEAD, of your local working copy, but not to the remote repository yet.
git rm <file_to_remove>
To remove the file from the index, or from the working tree and index.
git remote add origin <(ssh|https)path-to-your-git-repo>
To connect your repository to the remote server. Now you are ready to push the changes to the selected remote server.
git push origin master
To send the changes in the HEAD of your local working copy to your remore repository.
git clone /path/to/the/repository
To create a copy of a repository on your local machine.
git checkout -b <branch_name>
To create a new branch (other than master) and swtich to it.
git push origin <branch_name>
To push your new branch to the remote server. Unless you push it, it won’t be available to others.
git checkout master
To switch back to master.
git branch -d <branch_name>
To delete the branch again.
To update your repository to newest commt. This fetches and merges remote changes.
git merge <branch_name>
To merge <some_other_branch> to your active branch.
To study repository history.
git config color.ui true
To use colorful git output.
To view the status of your files in the working directory and staging area.
git commit –amend -m <“New_Commit_Message”>
To change the messge of your most recent commit, which is not yet pushed.
git format-patch -1 <sha>
Generate a patch for a specific commit.
git reset <file>
To undo git add <file>
git commit -s -v
-s for add Signed-off-by line by the committer at the end of commit log message.
-v to show unified diff between the HEAD commit and what would be committed at the bottom of the commit message template.
To see the changes introduced by the most recent commit, uses HEAD by default.
git show HEAD~~ or git show ~2
To refer to the commit before HEAD.
git rev-parse HEAD
To get the commit id of HEAD.
git log –pretty=oneline –abbrev-commit
As it says, it gives pretty one line commit logs.
git format-patch –cover-letter -n –thread-shallow –cc=”firstname.lastname@example.org” <intialSHA>^..<endingSHA>
This will generate a patch set having a cover letter, from the intialSHA to endingSHA.
–cc option let’s you add the mail id to all patches generated and hence reduce your work to add individually in all.
git rebase -i <SHA>^
It allows you to rebase your commit starting from <SHA>.
git commit –amend -v
This allows you to edit your commit message when rebasing.
git rebase –continue
To continue rebase.
git rebase –abort
To abort the rebase.
git checkout .
To checkout all local changes in a branch.
If some conflicts occur while merging or rebasing.
git checkout –<filename>
To checkout changes in the <file>.
To view a log of where your HEAD and branch references have been for the last few months.
git merge –abort or git reset –merge
To reset a merge.
To have a diff stat of what changed. Shows only unstaged changes.
git diff –cached
To see the changes to be committed, staged changes.
git add -p
Add parts of file to the staging area.
git format-patch –subject-prefix=”Some String”
To put a subject prefix to the patches.
git log –author=<username>
To list all commits by a specific author.
Have a ❤ look.